is a province of Indonesia and an island on the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Located on the east of Java and west of Lombok, the province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. The provincial capital, Denpasar, is the most populous city on the Lesser Sunda Islands and the second largest in Eastern Indonesia after Makassar. Bali is the only Hindu-majority province in Indonesia, with 83.5% of the population adhering to Balinese Hinduism.
Bali is Indonesia’s main tourist destination, which has seen a significant rise in tourists since the 1980s. Tourism-related business makes up 80% of its economy. It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking and music. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali. In March 2017, TripAdvisor named Bali as the world’s top destination in its Traveller’s Choice award.
Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone, over 500 reef-building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about seven times as many as in the entire Caribbean. Most recently, Bali was the host of the Miss World 2013 and 2018 Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. Bali is the home of the Subak irrigation system, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also home to a unified confederation of kingdoms composed of 10 traditional royal Balinese houses, where each house rules a specific geographic area. The confederation is the successor of the Bali Kingdom. The royal houses are not recognised by the government of Indonesia; however, they originate before Dutch colonisation.
In 1963 the Bali Beach Hotel in Sanur was built by Sukarno, and boosted tourism in Bali. Prior to it, there were only three hotels on the island. Construction of hotels and restaurants began to spread throughout Bali. Tourism further increased on Bali after the Ngurah Rai International Airport opened in 1970. The Buleleng regency government encouraged the tourism sector as one of the mainstays for economic progress and social welfare.
The tourism industry is primarily focused in the south, while also significant in the other parts of the island. The main tourist locations are the town of Kuta (with its beach), and its outer suburbs of Legian and Seminyak (which were once independent townships), the east coast town of Sanur (once the only tourist hub), Ubud towards the centre of the island, to the south of the Ngurah Rai International Airport, Jimbaran and the newer developments of Nusa Dua and Pecatu.
KUTA BEACH IS A POPULAR TOURIST POINT IN BALI.
A branch of tourism is the growing real estate industry. Bali real estate has developed rapidly in the main tourist areas of Kuta, Legian, Seminyak and Oberoi. More recently, high-end 5-star projects are being developed on the Bukit Peninsula, on the south side of the island. They are developing expensive villas along the cliffs of southern Bali, with panoramic views of the ocean. Foreigners and nationals, many people and companies from Jakarta are quite active, investment in other areas of the island also continues to grow. Land prices, despite the global economic crisis, have remained stable.
In the last half of 2008, the Indonesian currency had fallen approximately 30% against the US dollar, which offered many foreign visitors a better value for their currencies.
Bali’s tourism economy survived the terrorist bombings by Islamists in 2002 and 2005, and the tourism industry has slowly recovered and exceeded its bombing levels prior to terrorism; The long-term trend has been a steady increase in visitor arrivals. In 2010, Bali received 2.57 million foreign tourists, which exceeded the goal of 2.0 to 2.3 million tourists. The average occupancy of hotels with stars reached 65%, so the island should still be able to accommodate tourists for some years without the addition of new rooms / hotels, although in the high season some of them are completely reserved.
Bali received the award for the Best Island of Travel and Leisure in 2010. Bali won due to its attractive surroundings (mountain and coastal areas), various tourist attractions, excellent international and local restaurants, and the friendliness of the local people. The Balinese culture and its religion are also considered the main factor of the award. One of the most prestigious events that symbolizes a strong relationship between a god and his followers is Kecak Dance. According to BBC Travel, launched in 2011, Bali is one of the best islands in the world, ranking second after Santorini, Greece.
In August 2010, the movie Eat Pray Love was released. The film was based on the best-selling memoirs of Elizabeth Gilbert Eat, Pray, Love. It took place in Ubud and Padang-Padang Beach in Bali. The 2006 book, which spent 57 weeks at No. 1 on the New York Times’ bestseller list of non-fiction books, had already fueled a boom in Eat, Pray, tourism related to love in Ubud, the mountainous city and the cultural and tourist tourism. center that was the focus of Gilbert’s quest for balance through traditional spirituality and healing that leads to love.
In January 2016, after the musician David Bowie died, it was revealed that in his will, Bowie requested that his ashes be dispersed in Bali, according to Buddhist rituals. He had visited and performed in several Southeast Asian cities at the beginning of his career, including Bangkok and Singapore.
Since 2011, China has displaced Japan as the second largest provider of tourists to Bali, while Australia continues to top the list, while India has also become a larger tourist offer. Chinese tourists increased by 17% compared to last year due to the impact of ACFTA and the new direct flights to Bali. In January 2012, Chinese tourists increased by 222.18% compared to January 2011, while Japanese tourists decreased by 23.54% yoy
Bali authorities reported that the island had 2.88 million foreign tourists and 5 million domestic tourists in 2012, marginally exceeding the expectations of 2.8 million foreign tourists.
According to a survey conducted by the Bank of Indonesia in May 2013, 34.39 percent of tourists are upper-middle class, spend between $ 1,286 and $ 5,592 and are dominated by Australia, India, France, China, Germany and the United Kingdom. Some Chinese tourists have increased their spending levels from previous years. 30.26 percent of tourists are middle class, spending between $ 662 to $ 1,285. In 2017, Chinese tourists were expected to overtake Australian tourists.
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